Physiognomy are a knowledge about proportions of a human face and proportional ratios in harmony of geometrical figures.
The eighth page results the information on the detailed physiognomic analysis of geometrical ratios and proportional parameters of a human face, that can be necessary if detailed researches of facial shapes in a context of physiognomy, or in a context of aesthetic medicine and cosmetic surgery are required.
Within the limits of physiognomy of a human face, and also in aesthetic medicine and cosmetic surgery except for the most appreciable formal facial parameters which correspond with a nose-tip and the expressed points of eyebrows, of nose bridges, of a chin, which in essence correspond with borders of three physiognomic spheres, it is possible to consider additional parameters according to which it is possible to compare facial features to shapes of correct equipotent polygons.
|The chart shows a conditional profile of a human face,
and blue color shows the physiognomic scale of measurements which is
focused concerning an exact vertical, namely lines of the scale are
precisely perpendicular to the line which is tangent to the most
expressed point of eyebrows U4 and to the most expressed point of chin
U13, and in essence perpendicular for vertical sides of a square of
feelings. It is the obligatory rule, as measurements in physiognomy and
in plastic surgery are necessary for carrying out when the scale is
correctly focused concerning a square of feelings which is correlated
with the expressed points of eyebrows and a chin.
The square of feelings and line U4-U13 on the chart are not shown, but look the necessary information on the previous pages in this section of website.
If the scale of measurements is correctly focused concerning contours of a
human face in profile then scale lines are indexes concerning which it is
possible to calculate geometrical ratios and proportions. Namely linear
crossings of the physiognomic scale with contours of a human face specify key
points from U1 up to U13 which are necessary for comparison of facial features
with shapes of correct polygons.
The scale has three physiognomic spheres and 12 levels.
The sphere of consciousness from point U1 up to point U4 includes three levels:
- top of a forehead from U1 up to U2;
- middle of a forehead from U2 up to U3;
- bottom of a forehead and eyebrows from U3 up to U4.
The sphere of individuality from point U4 up to point U8 includes four levels:
- top of nose bridge from U4 up to U5;
- middle of nose bridge from U5 up to U6;
- bottom of nose bridge from U6 up to U7;
- tip of a nose from U7 up to U8.
The sphere of feelings from point U8 up to point U13 includes five levels:
- interval between a nose and upper lip U9;
- upper lip U10;
- lower lip U11;
- interval between a lower lip and chin U12;
- chin U13.
Points of crossings of lines of the physiognomic scale with contours of a human face in sphere of consciousness are key. Either the most expressed or least expressed points of facial levels in physiognomic spheres of individuality and feelings are key, namely if the level is convex then the most expressed point is key, and if the level is concave then the least expressed point is key.
Before the beginning of measurements the shown scale is necessary for scaling according to the sizes of physiognomic spheres in a face of concrete person.
Namely it is necessary to compare:
- scale beginning to the line of a head top;
- border of consciousness sphere with the most expressed point of eyebrows;
- border of individuality sphere with the bottom edge of a nose;
- border of feelings sphere with the bottom edge of a chin.
Then it is necessary to measure uniform sizes of facial levels within the limits of each physiognomic sphere, and to designate the sizes of levels. And then it is possible to make research of a face in a context of physiognomy, or in aesthetic medicine and plastic surgery.
The information about unit of measures of the physiognomic scale look on the first page in this section of website.
For scaling it is necessary to do photos and to use graphic computer programs for work with images, namely it is necessary to use program computer tools which allow to scale photos of human faces and to make other graphic operations.
The scale is the universal measuring tool which allows to do measurements of individual sizes and proportions in faces of people by means of the uniform measuring unit in uniform rates.
The essence of physiognomic researches consists that according to lines between key points from U1 up to U13 it is possible to find concurrences to lines of correct polygons, and to consider facial features according to harmonics of geometrical figures. Namely if lines U1-U2 or U1-U3 or other lines between key points have sizes of angular deviations from a horizontal, or otherwise to tell "angular sizes" which coincide with lines of correct polygons then such lines can be considered as parameters of harmonious or disharmonious correlations of geometrical figures, and accordingly such lines can be considered as parameters of harmonious or disharmonious proportions in faces of people in a foreshortening of physiognomy, or aesthetic cosmetology and medicine.
The information about deviations from a horizontal and concurrences of lines to shapes of geometrical polygons, and also the diagram of angular sizes look on the previous pages of this section of website.
For example, outlines of a face in the photo.
|The line of a head top in this photo is invisible by
hair and consequently is specified approximately, and accordingly point U1 is not shown.
Angular sizes of lines are the following.
U2-U3 is approximately 67,5 degrees that conforms to proportions of an octagon.
U3-U4 is approximately 80 degrees that agrees with shapes of a nonagon.
U4-U5 is approximately 77,1 degrees that complies with shapes and proportions of a heptagon.
U5-U6 is approximately 60 degrees that corresponds to proportional shapes of a hexagon and a nonagon.
U6-U7 is approximately 48 degrees that conforms to proportional ratios of a polygon with 15 angles.
U9-U10 and U10-U11 are approximately 67,5 degrees that agrees with geometrical forms of an octagon.
U11-U12 is approximately 54 degrees that corresponds to formal parameters of a dipentagon.
U12-U13 is approximately 77,1 degrees that conforms to proportional parameters of a heptagon.
Point U8 almost coincides with point U7 and consequently line U7-U8 in this
case is not considered.
Point U9 coincides with border of physiognomic sphere of individuality.
Line U8-U9 has great value, but in this example is not considered.
Polygons on the photo are conditionally designated by numbers in circles and attached to lines with corresponding angular sizes.
Pay attention that the shown profile of a human face in the photo possesses remarkable quality, namely the most expressed and least expressed points of facial levels coincide with borders of levels, and in essence coincide with lines of the physiognomic scale of measurements. For example, the most expressed point of upper lip U10 coincides with a line of physiognomic scale, or the least expressed point of the interval between lower lip and chin U12 coincides with a scale line. But in other cases the expressed and not expressed key points can not coincide with lines of the physiognomic scale, that is necessary to consider during research of human faces in physiognomy, or in aesthetic medicine and cosmetic surgery.
The listed angular sizes allow to estimate proportions of this face according to harmonious or disharmonious correlations of geometrical figures. For example, lines U9-U10 and U10-U11 conform to shapes of an octagon, and consequently these lines are coordinated that allows to speak about harmonious proportions which can be seen in outlines of upper and lower lips. But line U12-U13 complies with shapes of a heptagon which has no coordination with shapes of an octagon, and consequently outlines of a chin seem not coordinated with outlines of lips. But however line U12-U13 is coordinated with line U4-U5 which too corresponds to proportions of a heptagon.
Similarly it is possible to analyze lines within the limits of each physiognomic sphere, that is shown on following charts.
|Lines U4-U3, U4-U2, U4-U1 and U1-U2, U1-U3, U1-U4 show
proportional ratios within the limits of physiognomic sphere of
Lines U8-U7, U8-U6, U8-U5 and U4-U5, U4-U6, U4-U7, U4-U8 show proportional ratios within the sphere of individuality.
Lines U13-U12, U13-U11, U13-U10, U13-U9 and U8-U9, U8-U10, U8-U11, U8-U12, U8-U13 show proportional ratios in sphere of feelings.
In total according to the shown lines it is possible to estimate facial proportions of separate spheres of a human face, or it is possible to carry out researches of geometrical shapes according to lines in different spheres. And also during physiognomic researches it is possible to choose the most important lines which are connected with the most appreciable facial features. In particular it is possible to choose only those lines which are connected with points of a chin, of a nose-tip, of eyebrows.
The choice of those or other lines depends on problems which are necessary for solving during research of human faces.
If the problem consists in aesthetic estimation of visible proportions of a human face, that can be necessary in cosmetology for performing of surgical plastic operations and cosmetic procedures, then it is necessary to analyze all lines, as in each human face there are unique individual proportional laws which are necessary for understanding to find the reasons of a seeming harmony or disharmony. And if the problem consists in estimation of psychological features of human character in a context of physiognomy then it is possible to consider only those lines which are parameters of concrete psychological features.
In detail the question on parities of the shown lines in faces of people with psychological features of characters is described on following page.
And also the following page gives the information on psychological perception of own face, and on the reasons of discontent of own facial appearance.
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